v Anti-inflammatory Effects:
- Exosomes contain bioactive molecules such as proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, which can modulate the body’s immune response.
- By reducing inflammation, exosomes help create a favourable environment for tissue repair and regeneration.
v Cellular Signalling:
- Exosomes carry signalling molecules, such as growth factors and cytokines, that can influence neighbouring cells.
- They can promote the proliferation and migration of fibroblasts and keratinocytes, which are essential for skin tissue repair
v Stimulating Collagen production:
- Exosomes can stimulate fibroblasts to produce collagen, a structural protein that gives the skin its strength and elasticity.
- Increased collagen production helps to repair damaged skin and improve its texture and appearance.
v Angiogenesis Promotion
- Exosomes can encourage the formation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis) in the injured area.
- Improved blood flow ensures better nutrient and oxygen supply to damaged skin, facilitating healing.
v Extracellular Matrix Remodelling
- Exosomes can regulate the remodelling of the extracellular matrix, which provides structural support to the skin.
- This process is crucial for scar formation and the restoration of skin integrity.
v Enhanced Cellular Turnover
- Exosomes can promote the shedding of damaged skin cells and the replacement of healthy new cells.
- This turnover is vital for the removal of damaged tissue and the regeneration of healthy skin.
v Wound healing
- Exosomes can accelerate the closure of wounds by facilitating cell migration and re-epithelialisation.
- They can also reduce the risk of infection by modulating the immune response.
v Scar Reduction
- Exosomes have shown potential in reducing scar formation and improving the appearance of scars.
- They can hep with the balanced deposition of collagen and prevent excessive scarring.